Activities

Title: Helmet and Seatbelt use in Rajasthan: Observed usage rates and Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices (Completed)

The Center for Road Safety at the Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice, Rajasthan has started implementing a project after this baseline study to improve road safety in the state of Rajasthan, India through legislative revision followed by advocacy for increased helmet use. The IIHMR University, Jaipur conducted the baseline evaluation of the project and collected data on helmet and seatbelt use and knowledge, attitude and practices associated with these two risk factors in all seven divisional headquarters of Rajasthan.

The study indicated that in Rajasthan, about 39% of the two-wheeler drivers were observed wearing helmet correctly with the highest rate of helmet wearers in Jaipur division (62.7%) and with the  lowest rate in Bharatpur division (15%). Less than 12% of the pillion riders were observed to wearing helmet correctly, with Jaipur having the highest rate (41.2%) and Kota at the lowest rate (0.1%).The percentage of motorcycle drivers who self-reported to always wearing helmet was 55% in the State. In urban areas, 61% motorcycle drivers reported that they always wear helmet, while 41% on the rural and 56% on the highway responded similarly. Further almost 66% of the  female drivers and 54% of the male drivers reported to always wearing a  helmet. When asked about the top five reasons to always wearing a helmet, a little more than two thirds of the participants reported that they wear helmet because it can save their life, a little less than half of them were of the opinion that it is required by law, one third told that they wear helmet in order to avoid fine by police. Less than one fourth reported that they wear helmet to protect themselves from weather and 2% reported that their family members force them to wear helmets.

In the State, one third of the drivers and one fourth of front seat passengers were observed to wear seatbelt. Across the divisions, drivers wearing seatbelt were found to be the highest (70%) in Jaipur and lowest in Bharatpur (8%). Overall 54% of the respondents reported that they always use seatbelt. Half of the females reported that they always use seatbelt, whereas males who reported that they always use seatbelt were 54%. Respondents driving on the  highway who always use seatbelt were about 58%. In urban area about 55% reported that they always wear seatbelt. Among those who self reported to always using seatbelt about two third reported that it can save their life, a little more than two fifths reported that it is required by law and two fifths reported that they wear it so that the police does not fine them. 4% reported that the car will not stop beeping if they don’t wear seatbelt.

Title: Study on Burn Injuries in Rajasthan (Ongoing)

Burn injury is a leading cause of disability and death worldwide, and proper interventions could reduce mortality and severity of disability related to burn injury. Epidemiological study on burn injuries and exploration of the risk factors in different regions is important for designing preventive intervention. Considering the importance of the issue, the Centre for Injury Research, IIHMR University initiated a retrospective study on Burn Injury on the patients that had been admitted during 2015 in SMS Medical College, Jaipur, Rajasthan.

The objective of this study is to develop an understanding about the predominant causes and patterns of burn injury, including the demographic factors like – age, sex, caste, religion, economic status, level of education, income level and employment. The data analysis is in process. The study is expected to provide important inputs for effective prevention and management of burn injuries. The study will also lead to research papers for publication.

Title: Integrated Road Traffic Injuries Surveillance – India Project (IRIS-India)

The Department of Health Research/Indian Council of Medical Research has decided to establish a Road Traffic Accident Injury Surveillance system in India. Keeping this purpose in mind, a National Task Force study has been commissioned by the Indian Council of Medical Research which is a multi-centric study that would be conducted at Delhi, Chennai, Chittoor, Dehradun. and Jaipur. Indian Institute of Health Management and Research University, Jaipur has been identified to conduct this study in Rajasthan in collaboration with Trauma Centre, SMS Medical College, Jaipur.

The objectives of this study are to design and test a comprehensive road traffic accident injury surveillance system, assess the sources of data for road traffic accident injuries in the district with respect to their quality, ascertain the availability and utilization pattern of pre-and post-crash emergency medical care services and describe the outcome of road traffic accidents and epidemiological factors associated with road traffic accident injuries. This project would provide crucial inputs for starting a national road traffic accident injury surveillance system. Under the project currently, situation analysis of the data sources for road traffic accident injuries is being conducted

Training

Training and Capacity Building

A Training session was conducted for the students of MBA (Health, Hospital, Rural and Pharma) of IIHMR University on preparing IEC materials for awareness generation regarding road safety during February 2016. The training was facilitated by Dr. Alok Mathur, Associate Professor, IIHMR University and around 120 students participated in the program. The students were not only sensitized on road safety issues, but also acquired skills for developing material on the issue at the community level.

Glimpse of IEC Material Developed by Students

Participation

  • Active participation of Dr. Alok Kumar Mathur, coordinator, CIR-IIHMR University in State level meetings about the helmet advocacy for motorcycle riders in the state of Rajasthan, conducted by Centre for Road Safety, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice, Jodhpur on 30-6-2015.
  • Dr. Alok Kumar Mathur, attended aworkshop on Benefits of Helmet Use, conducted by Centre for Road Safety, Sardar Patel University of Police, Security and Criminal Justice(SPUP), Jodhpur.
  • Mr Ashish Bandhu  participated in a state level workshop on Road Safety organized by Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Govt. of India, New Delhi, Transport Department, Govt. of Rajasthan and Centre for Road Safety SPUP on 28th December 2016 at , State Institute of Agriculture and Management (SIAM), Durgapura Jaipur. 

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