Student Dissertation

Agency : Total Fertility Rate, Contraceptives, Urban Slum Introduction: India is one of the most populous countries of the world. Various efforts to control population growth in India are yet to reach the goal of stabilization of the population. Fertility indicators are the measures to know the direction of the population growth.

Objective : To determine the total fertility rate of Magpara urban slum and Gokalpura village and compare it with that of the Gujarat state and to examine the socio-economic factors affecting the fertility. To determine the mean age at marriage for sample women population of reproductive age (15-49 years) of Magpara urban slum and Gokalpura village of Mahesana block in the Mahesana district, Gujarat

Background : One-eighth of India’s urban population i.e. approximately nine million people lives in slum according to data from the latest round of National Sample Survey Organization (69th Round). As per the report on Health and Living conditions in Eight Indian Cities, in seven out of the eight cities studied, contraceptive prevalence rate is lower in slum areas as compared to non-slum areas. Total Fertility Rate is higher by 0.2-0.5 children in slum areas than in non-slum areas in every city except Nagpur. Thus, a need is felt to determine the fertility rate in urban slums of Mahesana and compare it with that of the village.

Methodology : Present cross sectional study has been conducted to study the fertility indicators of a slum area of Mahesana city located in the northern part of state of Gujarat, India. The study was conducted amongst 90 Married Women of Reproductive Age of a slum area and compared with to the 90 Married Women of Reproductive Age living in the village, in the North Zone of Mahesana city, Gujarat, India.

Findings : The mean age at marriage is 18.9 years in Magpara Urban Slum and 18.2 years in Gokalpura Village. Total fertility rate in Magpara Urban slum is 4.62 as compared to 3.7 in Gokalpura Village which is higher than total fertility rate of Gujarat Urban and rural respectively. The total fertility rate in the study areas are directly related to level of education and knowledge about the contraceptives; among the sample married women of reproductive age. The total fertility rate among the women having no education is 4.6 in Magpara and 3.7 in Gokalpura and total fertility rate 33 among having no knowledge about contraceptives is 4.2 compared to 3.1 among women having knowledge about contraceptives. Conclusion: It can be safely concluded from the study that fertility control measures need urgent attention in the urban slum areas.