Student Dissertation

Agency : Bio Medical Waste Management And Handling Rules 1998, KAP Analysis.

Objective : • To study the current procedures followed for the segregation, treatment, collection, transportation  of Bio Medical Waste generated by the Hospital.
•  To determine the awareness among Nurses/Housekeeping staff regarding waste management practices.
•   To provide Recommendation to overcome the bottlenecks.

Background : The study was carried out in 55 bedded multi specialty hospital of New Delhi to assess the knowledge, attitude and practices of nursing and housekeeping staff regarding bio medical waste management. The primary data was collected through interviewing 18 housekeeping and 35 nursing staff on the basis KAP (Knowledge, Attitude, Practice) Questionnaire. The observation technique was used to study the existing biomedical waste practices in hospital.

Methodology : The study is cross sectional, descriptive and duration of study was three Months.
Study Area: OPD, IPD(Nursing stations), OT, ICU, Lab, Dialysis Sample Size:Total- 53 Nursing staff: 35 Housekeeping staff: 18
Data   collection  Tools:   Questionnaires,  Informal   personal Interviews

Findings : The study reveals that more percentage of housekeeping staffs (71%) have knowledge about biomedical waste management with compares to nursing staff (64%). All housekeeping staffs have knowledge about Personal protective equipments used in bio medical waste handling. The more percent of nursing staff have knowledge about waste segregation compare to housekeeping staff. The attitude of housekeeping staff towards the biomedical waste management is 70% i.e. positive but upto some extent. The nursing staff  have positive attitude (88%) for Bio Medical Waste Management.  The practices are also well followed by nursing staff (81.5% i.e. "Good") compare to housekeeping staff (66% i.e. "Average").

Recommendations /Conclusion: The study reveals that more percentage of housekeeping staffs (71%) have knowledge about biomedical waste management with compares to nursing staff (64%). The attitude is more positive and practices are well followed by nursing staff with compare to housekeeping staff. Training to the housekeeping and nursing staff should be given periodically so the knowledge about biomedical waste management will improve among the staffs. The effectiveness of these training should be evaluated by post training examination of the staff. The safe handling of biomedical waste ensures the safety of hospital staff, community as well as safe environment.

To study the current procedures followed for the segregation, treatment, collection, transportation of Bio Medical Waste generated by the Hospital.


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