Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : Acute Respiratory Infection; Knowledge; Attitude; Practice; Respiratory tract infection; KAP

Objective : To assess the current knowledge level of mothers about cause, affect and management of ARI in target communities.

Background : A study was carried out in an urban poor of Mohali district of Punjab to evaluate knowledge, attitude and practice of mothers toward respiratory infection in their children under the age of five years.

Methodology : This was a cross-sectional study. In this study 100 mothers were selected by convenient sampling method. Semi-structured questionnaire was used for interview. Microsoft Excel 2007 software was applied to analyze the data.

Findings : In the study area, majority of mothers lies in age- group 21-30 years. Education level and employment status of mothers was very low almost 85 percent were illiterate and 84 percent mothers were unemployed. Knowledge level of mothers about respiratory diseases was very good, almost every mother knew about ARI. Major sources of information of knowledge in mothers were doctor/nurses and family members. Majority of mothers knew about effect of air pollution, indoor temperature and humidity on respiratory diseases. All of the mothers believed that respiratory infection was caused by cold temperature and weather change but in addition to above 44% mothers believed that it is aggravated due to lack of care by parents. About 37 % believed that a virus/Bacteria/Germ was the cause of respiratory infection. All of the mothers said that Fever and cough were the major signs when they recognize the infection but sometimes in addition to these running nose (98%), Pasli chalna (82%), refusal to feed (81%) and noisy breathing (41%) was also the sign which recognizes the respiratory infection. Majority of mothers preferred to visit the doctor immediately (80%) when their child was sick, so health seeking behavior was good. Most of the mothers knew about the use of antibiotics in treatment of respiratory infection, which also shows good knowledge and health seeking behavior. Majority of mothers knew that prevention of respiratory infection was possible (96%). Around 60% mothers faced the problems in getting treatment, majorly faced financial problems.

Recommendations : This study shows that most of the mothers with in the study population were illiterate and it has adverse impact on their prevention aspects of ARIs. Most of them knew about the respiratory infection in under five children but not in detail. Although they knew about effect of air pollution on acute respiratory infection but still they were using coal chulha in their house for cooking. Their health seeking behavior was good and they were visiting doctor immediately after recognizing the ARI. Majority of mothers faced the financial difficulties to visit private doctor. Regular efforts need to be made to educate mothers regarding the preventive measures of respiratory infections in under-5 children.