Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : Anganwadi Workers; Digital Weighing Machine; Salter Scale

Objective : The key objective of the study was to identify the level of utilization of digital weighing machines, knowledge assessment of AWWs for the weighing scale utilization and assessment of training need of AWWs.

Background : Growth Monitoring is one of the most essential features of ICDS program. It is also backbone of the method of identifying mal nourished children. We follow WHO growth chart for monitoring of nutrition status of the child, but if recorded weight is not reliable or the weighing technique is faulty then the risk of missing malnourished children will be high. To confirm the knowledge of AWWs for weighing machine and to increase the utilization of the same by assessing training need, I am trying to accelerate the accuracy of identifying mal nourished child. Weighing is the technique which plays critically essential role in the decision of nutrition status of the child. Now, in new era of technology we all are promoting digital weighing machines as the new tool for weighing. In a broad sense this study focuses on the actual utilization of distributed digital weighing scales and the problems occurring in its usage.

Methodology : Descriptive Cross sectional study with convenient sampling was undertaken. Structured questionnaires were prepared addressing the objectives of the study and face-face interviews with AWWs and mothers were conducted.

Findings : AWW’s education level, only 19percent are graduates. Of the remaining workers, 15percent workers are 8th passed, 37percent are 10th passed and 25percent were 12th passed. Out of all, maximum 25.30 percent anganwadi workers had 5-10 years of experience, 17.30 percent workers had 30-35 years of experience. Around 1.5 percent of AWWs had experience of 35-45 year of experience. In spite of better availability of Digital Weighing Scale, Utilization of Salter scale was more. Because of lack of refresher training and guidance, AWWs were not using DWM as major tool to weigh child. As they don’t use machine for long time, so they tend to forget proper method of weighing.

Recommendations : : In Bharuch District, number of experience AWWs is high but at the same time there was more number of AWWs who were maximum secondary educated. It had been found that they find it difficult to work on DWM and they find Salter comparatively easy. Its maintenance was also very low as compare to DWM. Due to electricity problem in villages, they found it difficult to charge the machine at the time of use. By looking at their educational background and interest, a less complicated procedure is needed for better weight monitoring. Refresher Trainings are advised for better use of digital weighing scale. As alternative, Nutrition Counselor Volunteer can bear the responsibility of weighing children by DWM.