Student Dissertation

Agency : Anaganwadi Worker, Growth Monitoring, Steps in Growth Monitoring, Knowledge of AWW

Objective : The key objective of the study is to assess the training need of Anganwadi Worker about Integrated Child Development Services.

Background : As the Anganwadi worker is the key person in the programme, her education level and knowledge of nutrition plays an important role related to her performance in the Anganwadi centre (AWC). Achievement of ICDS programme goals depends heavily upon the effectiveness of the Anganwadi workers, which in turn, depends upon their knowledge, attitude, and practice. It has also been reported that, in addition to education level, training of Anganwadi workers about growth monitoring plays a beneficial role in improving their performance. It has been reported that, in addition to education level, training of Anganwadi workers about growth monitoring plays a beneficial role in improving their performance. Most of the Anganwadi workers performs mechanically and were not clear with the basic concepts of their working.

Methodology : Descriptive Cross sectional study with convenient sampling was undertaken. Structured questionnaires were prepared addressing the objectives of the study and face-face interviews with AWWs were conducted.

Findings : The study findings highlight that 92.50 percent of AWWs are having the knowledge regarding the beneficiaries to be enrolled for supplementary nutrition provided under ICDS at AWC. In terms of knowledge regarding the six services to be provided under ICDS only 31.25 percent AWWs were able to list the six services. As there is increase in work experience knowledge regarding the services increase in AWWs. 78.80 percent AWWs knows about the referral points for severely malnourished children. Depending on response to question regarding the growth monitoring only 20 percent of AWWs were able to mention about the five steps under growth monitoring. Almost 82 percent of Anganwadi workers know the name of MUAC tape but do not know how to use the MUAC tape. All the AWWs who have less work experience should get on the job training or refresher training regarding the services to be provided under ICDS. Similarly the planning should be done to re-orientation the AWWs about steps involved in growth monitoring at block level. This can be done by providing training heretically, i.e, training of supervisors, block co-ordinators and CDPOs at block level who can further train the AWWs at seja level. Around 70 percent of AWWs do not know about complete ANC. With the help of health department schedule training for AWWs at seja level to train the Anganwadi worker regarding health checkups& MUAC, so that proper attention can be given to all the services and preventive measure for malnutrition can be taken by ensuring the health of adolescents and pregnant women even children can be properly measured and monitored so that children with special attention regarding malnutrition can be track down and provide the care. The present study shows that AWWs need training and refresher training time to time to keep the important aspect of services in their mind.


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