Student Dissertation

Agency : Adolescents; Family Life Education;

Objective : 1. To assess the knowledge of adolescents regarding family life education. 2. To assess the attitude of adolescents regarding family life education.

Background : During adolescence i.e. transitions between childhood to adulthood, rapid changes occur in physical, functional, sexual, emotional, and psycho-social aspects, which need proper attention and care. One in every four girls and one in every seven boys in the world are sexually abused [WHO]. In recent years’ pre-marital sexual relationship trend is increasing in India. Sixty-nine per cent men and 38 per cent women admits that they had premarital sex. [week magazine,2002]. According to NACO only 28 per cent young women and 54 per cent young men in the age group 15-19 year has comprehensive knowledge of HIV/AIDS. One in every 1000 youth is HIV positive (NFHS-3). Research Question: “What is the level of knowledge and attitude of adolescents, regarding family Life Education in schools of Surat city, Gujarat?”

Methodology : 1. Study Approach: Quantitative 2. Type of Study: Cross sectional study. 3. Location: Surat city, Gujarat 4. Study Population: Adolescent boys and girls of ninth standard, from the schools of Surat city in Gujarat state. 5. Sampling: Multi stage sampling Stages of Sampling: o Stage I: Prepare the list of all Schools in the city along with population of ninth standard students. o Stage II: Categorize the schools on the basis of location in four major directions. Sample Size: Total 397 students from four schools of Surat city participated in the study. Out of these schools three are CBSE schools and one is government school. 6. Data collection: • Data Collection Technique: School Survey Selected schools have been visited by researcher to collect the data from samples. • Data collection Tool: Questionnaire Schedule 7. Processing and data analysis: Collected data has been analyzed with the 8. Ethical Considerations o Written permission has been taken from District Education Officer for collecting data from schools. o Written permission has been taken from participants for collecting data from them. o Information collected will be used for research purpose only. o All the information collected will be kept confidential and will not be disclosed to anybody. o Stage III: Select the one school with highest population of adolescents of ninth standard in each major direction. o Stage IV: Select the adolescent boys and girls of ninth standard of selected school in particular direction.

Findings : Out of total respondents 75 per cent are male and 25 per cent are female. Male adolescents have more knowledge of physical changes in adolescent boys than female participants. Also adolescents whose father is highly educated, who are Gujarati speaking and whose mothers are house wives have moderate and high knowledge of physical changes in adolescent boys. In case of physical changes in girls have more knowledge of their physical changes than boy’s adolescents whose mother and father are highly educated have more knowledge of physical changes in adolescent girls. Male students have more knowledge of sex and sexuality than girls. Also the adolescents who are English speaking and whose parents are highly educated have high and moderate knowledge of sex and sexuality. Fifty per cent male and 32 per cent are female have high knowledge of HIV/AIDS.