Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : Prescription Error; Medication Errors; Allergic Reaction to Drugs

Objective : ï‚· To measure the rate of prescription error for the study period ï‚· To identify the causes leading to prescription error ï‚· To develop the solutions to reduce and or to prevent prescription errors in the hospital under study.

Background : Prescription errors are the serious problems in health care and can be the source of significant morbidly and mortality in the health care setting. In India, irrational use of drugs is common and this has led to antibiotic resistance, adverse drug reactions and other drug related problems. In order to reduce the errors, it is necessary to know the common causes and the stage at which the error occurs.

Methodology : Study Type The study is a descriptive observational study. Tools and Techniques of Data Collection and Method of Analysis Primary data is collected for the present study using a structured checklist is used. The scoring pattern used is: - 1 = Compliance, 0= Non-Compliance

Findings : Total Prescription Error Rate is 39%. Prescription Rate is highest with 42% in the general ward and lowest in private ward with 39% error rate. The 20% of the causes leading to 80% of the errors were use of branded name not the generic drugs beyond the formulary followed by inadequate documentation of duration of medication leading to longer administration of medication.

Recommendations : Doctors miss out important information like allergic reaction to drugs, ongoing medications, drug dose/ strength, drug route, frequency about drugs & duration of medication while writing prescriptions.