Student Dissertation

Agency : ASHA Knowledge; National Iron Plus Initiative Program; Iron Plus Initiative; Accredited Social Health Activist

Objective : To assess the knowledge level of National Iron plus Initiative Program among Accredited Social Health Activist in Chhotaudepur district of Gujarat.

Background : Anaemia, a manifestation of under nutrition and poor dietary intake of iron is a serious public health problem among pregnant women, infants, young children and adolescents. National Iron+ initiative will bring together existing program (IFA supplementation for pregnant and lactating women and children in the age group of 6- 60 months) and introduce new age groups. Thus, National Iron+ initiative will reach the following age groups for supplementation or preventive programming through a life cycle.

Methodology : Primary data was collected during the field visit through structured schedule. Cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Chhotaudepur district of Gujarat.

Findings : In Chhotaudepur district knowledge level of ASHA results show that 67 percent of ASHA have full knowledge and 33 percent have half knowledge regarding basics of NIPI. Only 38 percent ASHA have full knowledge, 61 percent have half knowledge regarding medicines/IFA used in NIPI. And only 33 percent of ASHA have full knowledge about dosage and 64 percent have half knowledge of dosage. 53 percent of ASHA have full knowledge about regime of dosage and 45 have half knowledge about regime of dosage.56 percent of ASHA have full knowledge regarding availability of medicines and only 36 percent have half knowledge regarding availability of medicines.12 percent ASHA have full knowledge regarding side effects, 48 percent have half knowledge, 29 % have very little knowledge and 11 have no knowledge.8 percent ASHA have full knowledge, 41 percent have half knowledge, 49 percent have very little knowledge.88 percent of ASHA know about recording and reporting. Only 12 percent ASHA have half of knowledge

Recommendations :The overall knowledge of ASHA regarding NIPI program is in between Good and Fair in Chhotaudepur district as result shows, However, majority of the ASHA have satisfactory knowledge in IFA medicines and their dosage and regime, but they need to improve side effects from IFA and what needs be done during side effects and complications. Counselling part also has to improve. They have good knowledge in recording and reporting. Training is needed in period of time for refreshing the knowledge. NIPI is one the important programs for reducing anaemia as life cycle.


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