Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : Self-Medication; OTC Drugs; Prescription Drugs; Pharmaceutical Science; KAP

Objective : • To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of self-medication among residents of Hyderabad city. • To determine the prevalence of self-medication among residents of Hyderabad. • To identify the determinants of self-medication practice among residents of Hyderabad.

Background : Self-medication is the practice of selection and usage of medicines by individuals to treat self-recognized symptoms or illnesses, without seeking prior medical consultation regarding indication, dosage and duration of therapy. While responsible self-medication helps individuals take an active role in managing their health, non-responsible self-medication can pose serious health hazards. Studies reveal that socio-demographic factors, perceptions and beliefs of individuals play an important role in determining the practice of self-medication. The current study was conducted in order to assess the knowledge, attitude and pattern of self-medication among residents of Hyderabad city

Methodology : A community-based descriptive cross-sectional schedule-based survey was conducted among 330 households selected randomly in the city of Hyderabad, from February to May 2017. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20.

Findings : Around 83.6 percent of the respondents felt that drugs should not be taken without prior medical consultation. However, the prevalence of self-medication was found to be 72.4 percent among the residents of Hyderabad. Few of the major reasons given by the respondents were the trivial nature of illness, previous good experience with the drugs, time and cost effectiveness and trust in the pharmacist’s advice. Prevalence was found to be more amongst males and younger individuals with relatively higher levels of education (P <0.05).

Recommendations :There is a dire need to adequately equip the populace with drug information as well as educate the public on the limits and acceptable attitudes and practices of self-medication even as the health authorities and pharmaceutical companies put in place more guided safety measures.