Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : Healthcare; Chronic Diseases; Information Technology; Lifestyle Chronic Disease; Health Date Management; Health Interventions

Objective : The dissertation assesses the role of information technology for management of chronic diseases. Moreover, the study assesses the role of mobile technologies delivered to healthcare consumers in preventing chronic lifestyle diseases. The study also explores the extent to which future technologies could play a role in development of effective and affordable healthcare.

Background : Chronic diseases have become the substantial burden to healthcare worldwide. According to report published by World Health Organization in 2011, 57 million global deaths in 2008, 63 percent were caused by chronic diseases particularly pulmonary diseases, heart failure, diabetes and cancer. In the coming decades, chronic diseases will continue to increase morbidity and mortality rate in entire world. This situation impresses upon the key stakeholders the need for transformation of health care delivery system through innovative service delivery redesign and deployment of enabling information technology to broaden self-management, caregiver roles and responsibilities and sites of care.

Methodology : A total of 57 journal articles and research papers were reviewed, and a descriptive study was carried out. The papers were searched on the basis of keywords like Lifestyle diseases, health data management, preventive health, health interventions, mhealth, wearable technology, mobile tools and social, ethical and legal barriers to ehealth. The inclusion criteria for the papers and journals published after 2004 were included.

Findings : Discussion: Healthcare is changing dramatically because of technological developments. In the discussion, porter’s five force analysis of Information Technology and SWOT analysis of M-health has been done. Moreover, the entry of IT into medical treatment is inevitable. In the coming decade, the technologies which will empower the management of chronic diseases are intelligent biomedical clothing, eSkin digital tattoos, tooth embedded sensors, my UV patch, COPD testing devices and digital contact lens.

Recommendations : Information technology can create phenomenal impact in managing chronic diseases by not only treating patients but by creating healthier and happy individuals. A revolutionizing change will be seen in the coming decade with effective use of participatory technologies and imbibing these technologies in the lifestyles of individuals.