Student Dissertation

Agency : Mental Health Problems; Mental Illness; Census Data; Indian Population

Objective : To study the age-wise, sex-wise, and state wise trends of mental illness in twenty states of India as per the data of Census 2011and compare interstate trends of mental illness in the selected twenty states of India.

Background : Mental disability was recorded first time ever in India in Census 2001, but a new category was added in Census 2011 mental illness which was explained module 3B in Code 6.

Methodology : A descriptive study which is done by collecting secondary data from the Census 2011 that is used to analyze the situation of mental illness in twenty states of India. The data collected is analyzed on Microsoft excel software using graphs and tables.

Findings : The age-wise, gender-wise trends are seen and interstate comparison on mental illness is analyzed in selected twenty states of India and related reasons for the pattern are explained by secondary review of literature. The percentage of mental illness in India on analyzing census 2011 is 0.06 percent, from which 58% are males and only 42% are females. In all states there is high prevalence of mental illness in the productive age groups (15-50 years old) but mostly in many states the peak of mental illness cases is in age groups 30-39 years old. There is a sudden rise in the number of cases in the 10-19 years old, which forms the adolescent age group. Sex wise pattern in all the states depicts the number of reported mental illnesses are more in male rather than female and that may be due to multiple reasons. Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Jammu and Kashmir have the highest of reported mental illness cases at 10-19 years old, along with this the pattern depicts almost double and sometimes even more than double reported mental illness cases in male than female.