Student Dissertation

Agency : Biomedical Waste Management; Waste Management; Environmental Pollution; Disposal Waste

Objective : • To determine the awareness of healthcare personnel regarding bio-medical waste management policy & practices. • To assess the attitude towards the criticality and importance of bio-medical waste management

Background : Medical care is vital for our life and health, but the waste generated from medical activities represents a real problem of nature and human world. Improper management of waste generated in health care facilities causes a direct health impact on the community, the health care workers and on the environment every day, relatively large amount of potentially infectious and hazardous waste are generated in the health care hospitals and facilities around the world .Indiscriminate disposal of BMW or hospital waste and exposure to such waste possess serious threat to environment and to human health and requires specific treatment and management prior to its final disposal. This report was made as a dissertation project in Shalby Hospital Mohali, Punjab. Many issues relating to the mismanagement of bio-medical waste were discovered in the hospital, like • The segregation of waste in almost all hospitals is not satisfactory. • Colour coding for various categories of waste is not followed. • The storage of BMW is not in isolated area and proper hygiene is not maintained. • Personal protective equipment and accessories are not provided. • Most of the hospital do not have proper waste treatment and disposal facilities

Methodology : ? Study Design Cross sectional study ? Study Area Data had been collected from Blood bank, Heart station, Laboratories, Emergency room, OT, ICU. ? Sample size 60 ? The study was conducted on the total of sixty healthcare personnel ? Study duration February to May

Recommendations : • In Indian scenario, ever increasing environmental pollution has become a menace. • As the medical practitioners, we are very sincere to fight out the effects through administration of vaccination, but we do lack in sincerity to fight out the cause. • Strict rules for ICUs, OTs and blood banks recommended. • Technological driven advancements in treatment and disposal of wastes • While lots of steps have been taken towards the BMW management, a lot more is still required for this alarmingly increasing problem of society.