Student Dissertation

Agency : Infant Young Child Feeding Practices (IYCF); Initiation of breastfeeding (IBF); Exclusive breastfeeding (EBF); Complementary feeding (CF)

Objective : 1) To identify the existing feeding practices among the mothers of 0-23 months old children 2) To assess the knowledge of mothers regarding IYCF practices having children 0-23 months old 3) To assess the adequacy of diet in children aged 6-23 months.

Background : Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices are crucial for nutritional status, growth, development, health and ultimately the survival of infants and young children. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) for the first six months of life and the addition of complementary feeds (CF) from six months onwards, with continued breastfeeding till at least two years of age. The early introduction of complementary feeds before the age of six months can lead to the displacement of breast milk and increased risk of infection, besides the babies being physiologically immature.

Methodology : 1. Study type: Descriptive cross-sectional study 2. Study area: The study was carried out in two blocks of district Vidisha in Madhya Pradesh. 3. Study period: 2 months 4. Sampling: a) Sampling Technique: Convenient Sampling. ? Out of the total block in district 2 blocks were selected. ? From two blocks 12 villages were selected ? From 12 villages 14 Anganwadi centers were selected. ? A list of children who have been delivered in the past two years was obtained from the selected Anganwadi center. ? b) Sample size: 60 mothers having children under 0-23 months from each Block. c) Respondent: Mothers or caregiver having children 0-23 months old. d)Tools and Techniques: - Semi-structure questionnaires for face to face interview was used for the collection of samples. e) Analysis: - Data was interpreted through Ms-excel

Findings : The study found that out of 120 samples 59% only timely initiate breastfeeding to their children, 63.5% exclusively breastfed under 6 months, 28.5% children 6-23 months age receive minimum dietary diversity and only 51.5 % children receive a minimum number of meals and 60% children feed with a bottle.

Recommendations : The study has shown that there are some gaps in terms of knowledge and Practice about exclusive and complementary breastfeeding feeding. This study underscores need to improve knowledge regarding exclusive and complementary breastfeeding by conducting comprehensive Information Education Communication (IEC) activities among caregivers or mothers.


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