Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : KAP Study; Biomedical Waste Management; Infection Control; Hospital Infection Control

Objective : This study determines the knowledge and awareness among hospital staff regarding biomedical waste management policy and practice, needle stick injuries and its prevalence among different categories of health care providers. It also assesses the current practices of biomedical waste management and infection control in the hospital.

Background : Biomedical waste means any waste, which is generated during diagnosis, treatment or immunization of human beings or animals or research activities pertaining thereto or in the production or testing of biological or in health camps. It is an emerging issue of major concern not only to the hospitals but also to the environment. The proper management of biomedical waste plays a very important role in any hospital to avoid the adverse and harmful effects to the environment including human beings which are caused by ‘Hospital waste’ generated during the patient care.

Methodology : This is a cross-sectional study conducted at Civil Hospital, Ropar, Punjab, and different departments were visited and interactions with doctors, staff nurses, nursing students on training, laboratory technicians and housekeeping staff were made through self-structured questionnaires and observing the waste management techniques and infection control practices through observation checklist.

Findings : The study could find that Doctors, staff nurses and laboratory technicians had better knowledge and awareness than the nursing students on training and housekeeping staff. Regarding practices related to BMW management, Housekeeping staff was ignorant on many counts, especially regarding needlestick injuries. Also, injury reporting was low across the housekeeping staff.

Recommendations : Major gaps found after the data analyses were, inadequate knowledge and awareness about biomedical waste management among the nursing students on training and housekeeping staff, ignorant attitude of housekeeping staff in regard to needle stick injuries, infection control practices were undertaken by a smaller number of staffs, irregular training, no regular checkups and no immunization to the housekeeping staff.