Abstract of Dissertation

Keyword : HCWs; HCAIs; HAIs; Infection Control; Healthcare Workers; Causing Healthcare Associated Infection

Objective : To assess the knowledge for Infection Control Practices among Health Care Workers (HCWs) at General Civil Hospital, Godhra & to identify the major factors causing Health Care-Associated Infections (HAIs) to make appropriate recommendations for the corrective action.

Background : In the hospital environment, there exists a number of infections that can spread between healthcare workers and patients. Healthcare-associated infections are common and therefore the need to find a better way of overcoming such infections. This study focuses on identifying the most common infections, means of transmission and possible remedy. Some of the identified healthcare-related infections include surgical wound infection, skin infections, and urinary tract infections among others.

Methodology : A cross-sectional study was conducted at General Civil Hospital, Godhra Dist: Panchmahal and a sample of 350 Health Care Workers (HCWs) were taken under study through convenient sampling technique. Random sampling techniques were the most appropriate sampling techniques because it facilitated the study to obtain an opinion from various healthcare workers. A semi-structured questionnaire was formulated, and it adopted a quantitative analysis approach to deduce the findings of the collected data. Additionally, to better analyze the collected data, the healthcare workers were also observed on how they undertake their operations to understand some of the practices that could be leading to the spread of infections

Findings : The study found a larger percentage of healthcare workers are knowledgeable about healthcare-associated infections. As from the study, 28% of the people who responded to the survey had excellent knowledge about healthcare-associated infections including urinary tract infection and skin infections. Overall Hand hygiene compliance rate of 78.45% suggested that the healthcare workers are at a good bar in terms of complying with the practices that can help control health care-related infections. The study established that the nurses have a better compliance rate of 92.00% compared to doctors 75.49%.

Recommendations : The study established that hand washing was among the most practices that need to be observed in order to control the spread of healthcare-associated infections. From the study, it was established from the health workers that some approaches such as washing hands, educating the healthcare workers on the importance and ways to avoid being infected. Wearing caps, masks, and shoe covers and prudent use of antibiotics can be implemented to prevent the spread of healthcare-associated infections. The research findings were presented using pie charts, tables, and bar graphs.