Student Dissertation

Agency : Child Migration; Male Adult; Rajasthan; Child Rights

Objective : 1. To understand the causes, nature, and issues of male adult and child migration. 2. To understand the impact of migration on child rights. 3. To understand the impact of migration on adults

Background : This study was mainly focused on the practices of male adult and child migration in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan. The objective of the study was to understand the issues and challenges being faced by adults and children when they migrate from one place to another in search of their livelihood. The data collection was done by supplemented by observing the real-time situation in the rural villages of Udaipur including divergent social and cultural situation, economic pattern, source of income, occupation, educational status, etc. The strategy of migration has been followed by the community intergenerationally due to a lack of agriculture production and other alternatives for income generation. It is an acceptable phenomenon that the children have to migrate as soon as they become able to travel alone. It is invisibly forced migration due to their poor socio-economic condition. People migrate to Surat, Gujarat, Ahmedabad, and Mumbai to work in an unorganized sector and face several issues relevant to low wages, work burden, exploitation, etc. When children migrate, the first thing they have to do is leaving their school education which made them vulnerable to the violation of their rights at various levels.

Methodology : It was Descriptive and Exploratory research. For the study In-depth interviews, focused group discussions with the respondents (male adult, parents, and children) were conducted. Convenience sampling technique was used to select sample size.

Recommendations : The overall result indicates that migration is a source of livelihood in the villages due to the lack of options available to generate income and employment in their village. Migration at an early age denied children to access education and at the same time make them vulnerable to exploitation later as well. An integrated approach of development required to reduce the adverse effects of migration including education, awareness generation on their rights as migrants along with alternative non-farm livelihoods and skill development.