Student Dissertation

Agency : Lifestyle Factors; Smoking, Tobacco; Alcohol; Obesity; Diabetes; Hypertension; Asthma; Backache

Objective : 1. To assess knowledge of the urban working population about lifestyle diseases and their risk factors. 2. To find the distribution of lifestyle risk factors among the urban population of Hyderabad city. 3. To find the association between lifestyle factors with lifestyle diseases.”

Background : Important preventable lifestyle factors or risk factors contributing to NCDs are an unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, exposure to tobacco smoke or the harmful use of alcohol. Lifestyle risk factors predict the future of Lifestyle diseases and underlie most non-communicable diseases. These lifestyle factors are increasing as diets shift to foods high in fats and sugars, while work and living situations become more sedentary. Besides, tempting marketing of alcoholic beverages and tobacco products have also increased risk factors exposure, cumulating in an increased future diseases burden. Lifestyle diseases are becoming major health problems in India, especially the working urban population who are supposedly more prone to lifestyle factors due to the nature of the working environment.” Lifestyle diseases are a major risk in Telangana &Andhra Pradesh, and experts say that the major threats in the two states are cancer, cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases, which account 80 percent of all known NCD cases and lead to loss of productivity in terms of debilitating the young working population.’

Methodology : Study Design Cross-sectional, Descriptive &Exploratory study Duration of Study 3 Months (5th Feb. 2018 TO 5th May 2018) Study Area Urban areas of Hyderabad city with Special Reference to Reliance General Insurance Employees. Data Collection Methods A pretested Structured self-administered questionnaire was asked from 348 respondents, from both male and female population in Hyderabad city.” Data Analysis Procedure Data regarding socio-demographic profile, history of tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, regular physical activity, junk foods and history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular diseases, Lower backache, asthma/COPD and stroke was collected. Height and weight were measured using the standard techniques. BMI was calculated and classified according to WHO classification. The data was entered in MS Excel spreadsheet and analyzed using mean and proportion. Chi-square test was used as a test of significance with the help of advanced excel. The p-value of <0.05 was considered as significant.”

Findings : Among the study participants 140 out of 348 had knowledge about lifestyle factors and lifestyle diseases. Among the study subjects, 85 subjects had lifestyle diseases making the prevalence of 24.42 percent. Lower back pain was the most common ailment with 10.8 percent of the population suffering from the same followed by Hypertension (9.48%), Diabetes (6.03%) and Asthma/COPD (1.7%). Only two out of the total study population gave a history of stroke. There was a significant association between lifestyle factors like tobacco and cigarette consumption, alcohol consumption, consumption of junk food and overweight and obesity with the presence of lifestyle diseases. The null hypothesis is rejected, and Alternate hypothesis is accepted.